Vitex lignum-vitae—Lignum-vitae—LAMIACEAE

Vitex lignum-vitae

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Grows in dry or subtropical rainforest on steep stony slopes.

Distribution— North from Richmond River in New South Wales into Queensland.

Description—Tree 4 to 30 m high, young branches ± rusty—tomentose.

Local occurrences


Leaves.— Simple, opposite, toothed; lamina oblong or obovate to elliptic, mostly 5 to 10 cm long, 2 to 4.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base narrowed, margins entire or sometimes broadly lobed or angled on saplings and sucker shoots, turning black on drying; upper surface shiny green and glabrous, lower surface paler and with yellowish surface glands, ± glabrous except for hairy domatia; petiole 5 to 20 mm long, ± articulate at apex.

Vitex lignum-vitae
Vitex lignum-vitae

Inflorescence.—Cymes axillary; primary peduncle 5 to 15 mm long. Calyx tube truncate, 3 to 4 mm long, persistent. Corolla 9 to 13 mm long, purplish red to pinkish mauve; tube incurved, 6.5 to 10 mm long.

Flowering.— Irregularly, mainly April.

Fruit.—Drupe usually 8 to 15 mm diam., pink to reddish purple.

Ripe.—Mainly June to July.

Vitex lignum-vitae