Smilax glyciphylla—Sweet Sarsaparilla—SMILACACEAE

Smilax glyciphylla

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— Widespread in rainforest, sclerophyll forest and woodland; chiefly in coastal districts.

Distribution— North from Termeil in New South Wales to Queensland.

Description—Dioecious climber; stems to c. 5 m long, not prickly.

Local occurrences

Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Burgess Beach, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Cellito, Charlotte Head, Cliff Road, Crowdy Bay National Park, Darawank Nature Reserve and Wetland, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Golden Ponds Reserve, Karloo Street Reserve, Knappinghat Nature Reserve, Ohmas Bay, One Mile Beach, Penenton Creek and Wetlands, Red Head, Reservoir Hill Reserve, Saltwater Nature Reserve, Sea Acres National Park, Second Head, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Talawahl Nature Reserve, The Sanctuary, Tiona, Tuncurry Dunes and Heath, Tuncurry Flora Park, Waitui Falls, Wallingat National Park and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— Leaves simple with 3 or more longitudinal veins, tendrils present, lamina ± lanceolate, mostly 4 to 10 cm long, 1.5 to 4 cm wide, apex ± acute; lamina discolorous with lower surface glaucous, glabrous, 3—veined; petiole 5 to 10 mm long, twisted; stipular tendrils coiling up to 8 cm long.

Smilax glyciphylla
Smilax glyciphylla

Inflorescence.—Axillary, simple or compound umbels; pedicels 5 to 12 mm long. Tepals c. 3 mm long, creamish.

Flowering.—Late spring to summer.

Fruit.—Berry globose, 5 to 8 mm diam., shiny black; seed 1.

Ripe.—January to February.

Smilax glyciphylla