Piper novae-hollandiae— Giant Pepper Vine—PIPERACEAE.

Piper novae-hollandiae

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— Widespread in warmer coastal rainforest.

Distribution— North from Mt Dromedary New South Wales to North Queensland.

Description—Large glabrous climber, climbing on tree trunks by small adventitious roots; branches up to 30 cm diam.

Local occurrences

Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Sea Acres National Park, Waitui Falls and Wingham Brush.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, shade leaves palmately veined, sun leaves with 3 or more longitudinal veins, 6 to 12 cm long, 2 to 9 cm wide, ovate with rounded or acute base on exposed 'sun leaves', to broad-ovate with cordate base on 'shade leaves'; lamina glabrous, upper surface dark green and glossy, venation pinnate to palmate; petiole 10 to 30 mm long.

Piper novae-hollandiae
Piper novae-hollandiae

Inflorescence.—Unisexual.

Female Flowers.— Spikes ovoid, 8 to 10 mm long.

Male Flowers.—Spikes cylindrical, 10 to 20 mm long, stamens 2 or 3 per flower.

Flowering.—Late Winter to Spring.

Piper novae-hollandiae
Piper novae-hollandiae

Fruit.—Drupes c. 5 mm long, ovoid, borne on the inflorescence axis.

Ripe.—November to January.