Nephrolepis cordifolia— Fishbone Fern, Herringbone Fern, Sword Fern—LOMARIOPSIDACEAE.

Nephrolepis cordifolia

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—In rainforest or open forest.

Distribution— North of the Clarence River in New South Wales, extending to North Queensland.
Often cultivated; escaped and established in the Sydney area and the Mid North Coast.

Description— A terrestrial fern but sometimes an epiphyte or lithophyte. Rhizome densely covered with pale brown scales; the stolons slender and wiry, sometimes bearing ± globose tubers.

Local occurrences

Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Beach, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Brown's Creek Bicentennial Gardens, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Coocumbac Island, Darawank Nature Reserve and Wetland, Diamond Beach, Diamond Beach LRF, Ohmas Bay, One Mile Beach, Pebbly Beach, Red Head, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Sea Acres National Park, Second Head, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Tern Island, The Sanctuary, Tiona, Tonie's Gully, Tuncurry Dunes and Heath, Wallamba River Area, Wingham Brush and Zamia Place Reserve.

Fronds.— Erect or pendent, to 75 cm long; stipe usually short, to 15 cm long, scaly; lamina dull green, narrow, 1—pinnate; pinnae to 6 cm long, crowded, articulated to the rachis, often with a row of pale dots on the upper surface near the margin.

Nephrolepis cordifolia
Nephrolepis cordifolia

Sori.— Halfway between the midvein and the margin; indusium persistent.