Melicope rubra—Mueller's Evodia; Little Evodia—RUTACEAE

Melicope rubra

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— In and on the margins of drier, more seasonal rainforest. Also occurs in New Guinea.

Distribution— Occurs in the Cape York Peninsula and North East Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m.

Description—Shrub to small tree, 1 to 6 meters tall.

Local occurrences

Raintrees Diamond Beach

Leaves.—Compound, opposite, distinct oil dots, terminal leaf distinctly stalked but without a joint at the apex of the stalk, 3—foliolate; leaflet blades about 5.5 to 11.5 by 1.5 to 4 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Fresh leaflets emitting an aromatic odour when crushed. Midrib raised on the upper surface. Compound leaf petiole channelled on the upper surface.

Melicope rubra
Melicope rubra

Inflorescence.— Produced on the branches below or back from the leaves. Sepals ± orbicular, about 1.5 to 2 mm long. Petals about 5 to 7 mm long, ± glabrous on the outer surface, pubescent on the inner surface. Staminal filaments mainly glabrous, pubescent towards the base. Disk ± 8–lobed, continuous, pubescent, surrounding the base of the ovary. Ovary densely pubescent. Lower half of the style pubescent. Pink to dark pink; in clusters on the stems behind the leaves.


Fruit.—About 2.5 to 3 by 2 to 2.5 cm, splitting about halfway down the sutures. Fruit surface fleshy and rugose, marked by large oil glands, fleshy green to yellowish. Seeds about 5 to 6 by 3 to 4 mm.


Melicope rubra