Maclura cochinchinensis—Cockspur Thorn—MORACEAE.

Maclura cochinchinensis

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Subtropical, Dry, Littoral and Warm—temperate rainforests.

Distribution—Ulladulla, New South Wales to North Queensland.

Description—Small straggling shrub or woody climber with long arching branches, reaching 3 to 4 m. (higher if supported).
Latex: milky; in all parts of the plant.
Stems: to 5 cm diameter.
Bark: grey spotted with white.
Spines: long, often curved, 5-25 mm; aid in climbing.

Local occurrences

Australis Resort, Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Beach, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Brown's Creek Bicentennial Gardens, Burgess Beach, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Cellito, Charlotte Head, Cliff Road, Coocumbac Island, Copeland, Darawank Nature Reserve and Wetland, Diamond Beach, Diamond Beach LRF, Dixon Property, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Golden Ponds Reserve, Karloo Street Reserve, Knappinghat Nature Reserve, Little Street, Ohmas Bay, One Mile Beach, Pebbly Beach, Penenton Creek and Wetlands, Red Head, Reservoir Hill Reserve, Saltwater Nature Reserve, Sea Acres National Park, Second Head, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Tern Island, The Islands, Tiona, Tonie's Gully, Tuncurry Dunes and Heath, Wallamba Cove, Wallamba River Area, Wingham Brush and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, entire, with numerous thorns, elliptic, 3-8 cm, apex shortly acute, base rounded; hairless. Petiole: 3 to 10 mm.

Maclura cochinchinensis
Maclura cochinchinensis

Inflorescence—Axillary, small, in pairs but also solitary, shortly stalked, headed, bracteate and unisexual. Male and female heads on separate heads and on separate plants.

Male Inflorescence— Male heads 7 to 10 mm diameter with 4–staminate flowers.

Female Inflorescence— Female heads 6 to 8 mm diameter with a slender stigma.

Flowering.—December to January

Maclura cochinchinensis

Fruit—Fruiting heads composed of accrescent fleshy perianth and bracts that form a round headed syncarp 15 to 20 mm diameter turning yellow then orange and finally red when ripe. Seeds brown, rounded to about 5 mm across.

Ripe.—January to March.