Livistona australis—Cabbage Fan-palm, Cabbage-tree Palm, Daranggara (Cadigal).—ARECACEAE.

Livistona australis

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Grows in moist sclerophyll forest, often in swampy sites, and on margins of rainforest.

Distribution—Widespread in coastal districts; north from Victoria to New South Wales and Queensland.

Description—Tree with solitary stem up to 30 m high (occasionally more), up to 50 cm diam., marked with annular scars and furrows.

Local occurrences

Australis Resort, Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Brown's Creek Bicentennial Gardens, Burgess Beach, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Cellito, Charlotte Head, Cliff Road, Darawank Nature Reserve and Wetland, Diamond Beach, Diamond Beach LRF, Dixon Property, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Forster Park and Marina, Forster/Tuncurry Streets, Golden Ponds Reserve, Great Lakes College-Forster Campus, Great Lakes College-Tuncurry Campus, Karloo Street Reserve, Knappinghat Nature Reserve, Little Street, Ohmas Bay, One Mile Beach, Penenton Creek and Wetlands, Queen Elizabeth Park Taree, Red Head, Reservoir Hill Reserve, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Sea Acres National Park, Second Head, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Talawahl Nature Reserve, Tern Island, The Islands, The Sanctuary, Tiona, Tonie's Gully, Tuncurry Dunes and Heath, Tuncurry Flora Park, Wallamba Cove, Wallamba River Area, Wallingat National Park and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— 3 to 4.5 m long, fairly stiff, bright green, shiny, in terminal crown; lamina circular, c. 2 m diam., thin textured, divided into c. 70 divided segments; petiole 1.5 to 2.5 m long, c. 6 cm across tapering to c. 2 cm at apex, erect or decurved, margins with recurved spines mostly towards the base.

Livistona australis
Livistona australis

Inflorescence—Panicle c. 1 m long, arising amongst the leaves; spathes several, 15 to 25 cm long; flowers 3 to 5 mm diam., cream-white; stamens 6; ovary 3−lobed.


Fruit— globose, 1 to 1.5 cm diam., red turning black, 1–seeded

Ripe.—Late Summer to Autumn.

Livistona australis