Guilfoylia monostylis —Guilfoylia, Solo Tree, Scrub Ooline, Native Plum—SURIANACEAE

Guilfoylia monostylis

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Widespread in warmer rainforest.

Distribution— North from about Forster in New South Wales to South Eastern Queensland.

Description—Shrub or small tree, mostly 6 to 10 m high. Usually a crooked, poorly formed tree with coppice shoots at the base. Lenticels in wavy, longitudinal lines. White granular stripes may be present in the outer blaze.

Local occurrences

Boorganna Nature Reserve, Wingham Brush and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, without oil dots, domatia present in some of the vein—angles below. Leaves ± oblong—elliptic to obovate or narrow—ovate, 3.5 to 14 cm long, 15 to 40 mm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, margins entire and ± undulate, glabrous, upper surface green and glossy, lower surface paler, small hairy domatia usually obvious, venation not prominent; petiole 5 to 10 mm long. Stipules small and inconspicuous. Lateral veins forming loops well inside the blade margin. Leaves often alternate and not spirally arranged on the twigs. Leafy twigs frequently green.

Guilfoylia monostylis
Guilfoylia monostylis Guilfoylia monostylis
Guilfoylia monostylis

Inflorescence— Flowers can be as small as 5 to 6 mm diam., frequently much larger. Calyx about 4 to 5 mm long, the lobes about 1.5 to 3 mm long. Petals reflexed at anthesis, about 2 to 8 mm long. Stamens ten, yellow, dimorphic, shorter ones opposite the petals. Style lateral, attached near the base of the ovary. Ovules 2 per ovary.

Flowering.—November to December

Fruit—Drupe ± globose, 10 to 15 mm diam., shining black; with persistent recurved sepals at base.

Ripe.—October to November.

Guilfoylia monostylis