Backhousia myrtifolia —Grey Myrtle, Ironwood—MYRTACEAE

Backhousia myrtifolia

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— Widespread in warmer rainforest, often close to streams.

Distribution— North from the Bega district in New South Wales to Queensland.

Description—Shrub or tree with finely flaky bark; young branchlets with spreading hairs.

Local occurrences

Black Head, Booti Hill, Cape Hawke, Charlotte Head , Diamond Beach, Diamond Beach LRF, Dixon Property, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Karloo Street Reserve, Red Head, Reservoir Hill Reserve, Sea Acres National Park, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Tiona, Tuncurry Flora Park, Wallamba Cove and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— Simple, opposite, entire, with distinct oil dots and intramarginal vein, undersurface hairy. Leaves ovate to elliptic, 3.5 to 7.5 cm long, 1 to 3.5 cm wide, apex acuminate, base rounded to attenuate, dark green, ± hairy but usually glabrescent with age; lateral veins conspicuous, intramarginal vein close to margin; oil glands large, distinct; petiole 3 to 6 mm long.

Backhousia myrtifolia
Backhousia myrtifolia Backhousia myrtifolia
Backhousia myrtifolia

Inflorescence— Axillary, mostly dichasia with the central flower aborted; peduncle 20 to 35 mm long. Flowers mostly white. Hypanthium villous. Sepals 6 to 9 mm long, petaloid, yellowish. Petals 2 to 3 mm long. Stamens c. 6 mm long.

Flowering.—December to January.

Fruit— Commonly 6 mm long, barely larger than the flower, topped by the persistent, spreading sepals.


Backhousia myrtifolia