Gmelina leichhardtii —White Beech—LAMIACEAE

Gmelina leichhardtii

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— Grows in subtropical, riverine and littoral rainforest.

Distribution—North from Berry in New South Wales to North Queensland. Wide spread on the coast and ranges.

Description—Tree up 30 m high, often semi-deciduous; bark grayish and ± scaly. Trunk crooked with irregular base.

Local occurrences

Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Brown's Creek Bicentennial Gardens, Cape Hawke, Copeland, Great Lakes College-Forster Campus, Karloo Street Reserve, Red Head, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Sea Acres National Park, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Tiona, Waitui Falls and Zamia Place Reserve

Leaves.— Simple, opposite, 2 ranked, densely and softly hairy below, lamina elliptic to ± ovate, mostly 8 to 20 cm long, 5 to 10 cm wide, apex ± acuminate, base rounded or ± cuneate, margins entire or irregularly toothed in juveniles, ± leathery, upper surface dark green and ± glabrous, lower surface fawnish and tomentose and with veins prominently raised; petiole 1.5 to 5 cm long, tomentose.

Gmelina leichhardtii
Gmelina leichhardtii Gmelina leichhardtii
Gmelina leichhardtii

Inflorescence.—± pyramidal, 10 to 25 cm long. Calyx 4 to 6 mm long. Corolla 20 to 25 mm long, creamy—white with yellow and purple markings; lobes c. 7 mm long. Longest stamens 12 to 13 mm long.

Flowering.—November to January

Fruit—Drupe depressed-globose, usually 15 to 20 mm diam., bluish purple when ripe.

Ripe.—February to May

Gmelina leichhardtii