Glycosmis trifoliata— Pink-fruited Glycosmis—RUTACEAE

Glycosmis trifoliata

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Habitat— Usually grows in the drier rain forest types, monsoon forest, beach forest and vine thickets.

Distribution—Occurs in North East Queensland to Cape York Peninsula and southwards to coastal central and south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 550 m. Also occurs in Western Australia, Northern Territpry Malaysia and Asia.

Description— Shrub, small tree to 4 meters

Local occurrences

Raintrees Diamomnd Beach

Leaves.—Compound, usually in threes with distinct oil dots, terminal or middle leaflet ± has a pulvinus but the lateral leaflets do not. Leaf or leaflet blades about 6 to 15 by 2.5 to 6.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Terminal buds and young shoots clothed in short brownish or reddish hairs.

Glycosmis trifoliata
Glycosmis trifoliata

Inflorescence.—Sepals about 0.5 mm long. Petals about 4 to 5 mm long, glabrous or eventually becoming almost glabrous. Stamens ten, dimorphic, five long alternating with the petals, five short opposite the petals. Ovules pendulous, one per locule in the ovary. Style thick and short, shorter than the ovary.


Fruit.—Drupe, globular or depressed globular, about 10 to 12 mm diam. Style and stigma persistent at the apex of the fruit. Seeds globular, about 6 to 8 mm diam. Testa thin and transparent. Surface of the cotyledons marked by numerous oil glands. Cotyledons green, oil dots numerous. Radicle and plumule clothed in rusty brown or white hairs.


Glycosmis trifoliata