Geijera salicifolia —Scrub Wilga, Greenheart, Green Satinheart. —RUTACEAE

Geijera salicifolia

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Habitat—In warm temperate, subtropical and dry rainforests from the coast to the mountains and in dry sheltered valleys of the tablelands.

Distribution— North from the Illawarra region in New South Wales to the Barron River in Queensland. Recorded in New South Wales from Foxground; Minnamurra; Albion Park; Scone; Dungog; Woko National Park; Gloucester; Cape Hawke; Comboyne; Mount Seaview Nature Reserve and Wingham Brush.

Description—A medium sized tree attaining a height of 30 m and a diameter of 76 cm. Trunk Cylindrical, not flanged. Outer bark Dark red-brown or grey on the surface, scaly, patterned with longitudinal pustules; underbark dark brown. Outer surface of live bark mottled black and brown.

Local occurrences

Black Head, Cape Hawke and Wingham Brush

Leaves.— Alternate, simple, entire margins, oblong, ovate, elliptic or broadly lanceolate, 7-13 cm long, abruptly narrowed at the base and the tip, which is usually rather blunt, glossy, smooth, green both surfaces, slightly paler on the underside. When held to the light numerous clear oil glands are visible only with a hand lens. Leaf stalk long, averaging 16 mm, brown, channelled on the upper surface, the margin incurved and wing-like (Leaves mostly 3-5 cm wide, ovate, elliptic or broad-lanceolate, glossy green, lower surface paler, base not attenuated into petiole

Geijera salicifolia
Geijera salicifolia Geijera salicifolia
Geijera salicifolia

Inflorescence.—White, in panicles at the ends of the branchlets, generally shorter than the leaves. Individual flowers stalkless or nearly so, almost 6 mm in diameter when expanded. Calyx broadly cup-shaped, about 2-3 mm diameter, with five broad rounded lobes. Petals five, white, triangular, 2-3 mm long. Stamens five, narrow, bristle-like, 2 mm long.


Fruit—Usually one or two dry carpels or cocci, brown, globular or egg-shaped, not beaked, about 6 mm diameter, containing a single black shining seed about 5 mm diameter. Eaten by Australian king parrot, brown cuckoo-dove, Lewin's honeyeater and scrub turkey.

Ripe.—January to April.

Geijera salicifolia