Aphananthe philippinensis —Rough-leaved Elm, Native Elm—CANNABACEAE

Aphananthe philippinensis

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—In subtropical and dry rainforest, often along streams or on alluvial flats.

Distribution—North from the Manning River in New South Wales and to Northern Queensland.

Description—Shrub or tree to c. 20 m high. Occasionally to 35m x 80 cm diam. Trunk irregular in shape, buttressed at base, deeply fluted. Bark dark grey—brown, scaly with numerous pustules and shedding irregularly.

Local occurrences

Black Head, Brown's Creek Bicentennial Gardens, Coocumbac Island, Queen Elizabeth Park Taree, Sea Acres National Park, Waitui Falls and Wingham Brush.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, prickly—toothed, rough to touch, mostly elliptic to ovate, rarely obovate, usually 3 to 5 cm long and 15 to 30 mm wide, juvenile leaves to 10 cm long, apex and teeth spinose, teeth usually small and irregular in adult leaves, more prominent in juveniles, lamina dark green, stiff and scabrous, main veins raised; petiole 3 to 5 mm long.

Aphananthe philippinensis
Aphananthe philippinensis

Inflorescence—Male and female on same tree, shorter than the leaves. Male, small on cream—green in cymes c. 5 mm diam. arising from leaf axils. Female single on a 5mm stalk.

Flowering.—October to November

Fruit—Drupe ovoid, 8 to 10 mm long, green turning yellow and soft at maturity.


Aphananthe philippinensis