Cyclophyllum longipetalum—Brush Canthium—RUBIACEAE.

Cyclophyllum longipetalum

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— In Littoral and Subtropical Rainforest.

Distribution—North from Lake Conjola (near Ulladulla) in New South Wales to Fraser Island, Queensland.

Description—Small tree or shrub, 10-25 m by 50 cm stem diam.
Trunk: Usually straight, fluted on larger trees.
Bark: Grey-brown to dark—brown, finely fissured or wrinkled with horizontal cracks.
Branchiets: moderately thick, 4 angled, jointed appearance due to leaf scars.

Local occurrences

Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Beach, Black Head Flora Park, Booti Hill, Burgess Beach, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Cellito, Charlotte Head, Cliff Road, Diamond Beach, Dixon Property, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Karloo Street Reserve, One Mile Beach, Red Head, Saltwater Nature Reserve, Sea Acres National Park, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Waitui Falls, Wallingat National Park and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.— Simple, opposite, entire, without distinct oil dots, stipules present with domatia, elliptic to oblong elliptic, 4 to 10 cm long, apex drawn out to long blunt tip, base gradually tapered; smooth, dull to slightly glossy, thinly leathery, yellow-green.
Venation: midrib sunken on upper surface.
Domatia: usually prominent, a few on each side of midrib.
Leaf stem; 2 to 5 mm, smooth.

Cyclophyllum longipetalum
Cyclophyllum longipetalum Cyclophyllum longipetalum
Cyclophyllum longipetalum

Inflorescence— Cream, turning golden brown, fragrant, in small groups in leaf axils; individual flower stalks 5 mm long, flowers 8 mm long; sepals joined into tiny cup crowned by 5 small teeth; petals unite into a tube 7mm long with 5 lobes 3mm long. 5 stamen.

Flowering.—January to March.

Fruit— Oval red drupe, compressed, 10 to 12 mm diam., on pedicels lengthening to 8 mm long, 2 lobed. Seed: one in each lobe.

Ripe.—October to January.

Cyclophyllum longipetalum