Citronella moorei—Soapy Box, Churnwood, Silky Beech, Corduroy.—CARDIOPTERIDACEAE

Citronella moorei

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— In moist sheltered valleys and slopes in subtropical and warm temperate rainforests.

Distribution— North from the Clyde River in New South Wales to Mossman in North Queensland.

Description—A large irregularly shaped tree attaining a height of 50 m and a diameter of 200 cm.
Crown dark green, large and dense.
Trunk Prominently and irregularly channelled or fluted, rarely round, except in very small trees. Often leaning. Grey in appearance.
Outer bark light grey-brown, fissured and corky.
Underbark speckled orange, brown and white.
Outer surface of live bark cream with numerous vertical orange-brown lines.

Local occurrences

Boorganna Nature Reserve, Tapin Tops National Park and Zamia Place Reserve Forster.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, entire, without oil dots, domatia present in some of the vein-angles below; elliptic or broadly lanceolate in outline, 5 to 10 cm long, 4 to 6 cm broad. drawn out to a blunt point at the tip. Not wavy as in Guilfoylia. Glossy above. green both surfaces, paler beneath. Leaf stalks 6 to 9 mm long, smooth, green.
Venation Prominent both surfaces, midrib and four to six lateral veins raised, conspicuous and paler beneath. Small pits situated in the axils of the mid and lateral veins. Lateral veins extending to margin.

Citronella moorei
Citronella moorei Citronella moorei
Citronella moorei

Inflorescence— Creamy green in narrow panicles arising from the forks of the leaves or from the branchlets opposite or between the leaves. Either male or female trees. Panicles 2 to 16 cm long, with short branches 4 to 6 cm long, each bearing a cluster of three to seven stalkless flowers, about 4 mm long.
Calyx cup—shaped or bellshaped, hairy, less than 2 mm long. bearing five broadly triangular lobes at its rim.
Petals five, narrow, with inflexed tips, hairless, 3 mm long.
Stamens five, slender, as long as the petals with yellow anthers less than 1 mm long. Ovary egg—shaped, hairy, tapering at its tip into a hairless style about 2 mm long with a lobed stigma.

Flowering.—May to September.

Fruit—Drupe, black, oval or globular, about 2 cm long, the outer part succulent. inner part hard, enclosing one large seed with a deep vertical furrow formed by the hard part of the fruit projecting into the centre of the seed cavity and forming a partial dissepiment.

Ripe.—December to June.

Citronella moorei