Araucaria bidwillii —Bunya; Bunya Pine; Bunya Bunya;Monkey-puzzle Tree—ARAUCARIACEAE

Araucaria bidwillii

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Tropical Rainforest

Distribution—Endemic to Queensland, a rare and restricted species in North East Queensland being known only from the Mount Lewis and Cannabullen Falls areas, but more widespread in south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in North East Queensland from 500 to 1200 m. In North East Queensland this species tends to occur in situations where luxuriant rainforest development is precluded by unfavorable soil or substrate conditions

Description—Large tree ±to 50 meters. Crown± dome-shaped

Local occurrences

Bennett Head, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney,, Stephen Street Reserve, Tuncurry Flora Park and Wingham Brush.

Leaves.— Alternate, sessile, base clasping the twig and tapering to a fine, sharp, hard point capable of penetrating the skin. Leaf blades about 5 to 35 mm long. Veins inconspicuous, fine and numerous,± parallel to the margins.

Araucaria bidwillii
Araucaria bidwillii

Inflorescence—Male cones large, up to 20 cm long.


Fruit.—Cones up to 30 cm long. Seeds large, up to 5 cm long, easily separating from the cone scale.