Elaeocarpus bancroftii —Johnstone River Almond, Ebony Heart, Kuranda Quandong—ELAEOCARPACEAE

Elaeocarpus bancroftii

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.

Distribution—Endemic to North East Queensland, widespread from near Cooktown southwards to about Tully. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1200 m.

Description—A mid—sized tree. Bark rough on large trees and wood quite hard.

Local occurrences

Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney.

Leaves.— Simple, alternate, 1—foliolate and toothed. Leaf blades leathery, about 8 to 13 x 2.5 to 5 cm with about 5-8 lateral veins on each side of the midrib. Old leaves turn red prior to falling. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elongate—elliptic, about 12 to 15 cm long, glabrous; margin crenate or serrate with about 12 to 18 teeth on each side of the leaf blade; stipules elongate—triangular, hairy on the outside.

Elaeocarpus bancroftii
Elaeocarpus bancroftii

Inflorescence—Sepals about 14-17 mm long. Petals rounded but with about 3-5 shallow lobes or teeth at the apex. Stamens about 45-50. Ovary hairy.


Fruit— Large, about 40 mm or more in diameter. Endocarp thick, hard and horny ± circular in transverse section, three or 4—sutured. The rat-eaten remains of the seed coats (endocarp) are normally present beneath mature trees.


Elaeocarpus bancroftii