Atractocarpus fitzalanii subsp. fitzalanii—Brown Gardenia—RUBIACEAE

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Habitat—Grows as an understory tree in well developed Rainforest on a variety of sites.

Distribution— Endemic to Queensland, occurs in North East Queensland and southwards as far as coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range from sea level to 1200 m.

Description—A shrub or small tree.

Local occurrences

The North Coast Regional Botanic Gardens Coffs Harbour and Raintrees Diamond Beach

Leaves.—Simple, opposite, entire, stipules present. Leaves oblanceolate, 9 to 20 cm long, 4.8 to 10.5 cm wide, glossy dark green in colour. Stipules often quite large, lanceolate, about 30 mm long, drawn out into a fine point at the apex, not twisted, enclosing the terminal bud on each twig. Stipules square in transverse section. Stipules glabrous on the outer surface. Stipular scars do not leave a prominent ring on the twigs. Petioles glossy, smooth, without scurfy scales and also without transverse ridges on the adaxial surface.

Inflorescence.—Plants monoecious. Male flowers: Flowers on a pedicle about 1 to 15 mm long. Calyx lobes small and inconspicuous. Flowers quite large, corolla tube about 10 mm long with corolla lobes about 15 mm long. Anthers sessile, about 6 to 7 mm long, included in the corolla tube. Female flowers: Hypanthium about 7 mm long. Calyx tube about 6 mm long, lobes about 1 mm long. Corolla tube about 15 mm long, lobes about 20 mm long. Style + stigma about 14-17 mm long, swollen part about 9 to 12 mm long, stigmatic lobes about 6 to 10 mm long.


Fruit.—Frequently solitary (rarely 2 to 4 together) globular or ellipsoid, about 60 to 70 x 35 to 100 mm, calyx often persisting at the apex. Pedicels about 10 to 15 mm long. Seeds numerous, flattened, about 8 x 6 to 7 mm.