Gymnostachys anceps—Settler's Flax, Settlers' Twine, Boorgay—ARACEAE

Gymnostachys anceps

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat— Grows in rainforest and wet sclerophyll forest; coastal districts and escarpment ranges.

Distribution—North from Milton district, inland to the Blue Mountains and Werrikimbee National Park, New South Wales and Queensland.

Description— Perennial herb, not or hardly clumped; rhizome creeping.

Local occurrences

Australis Resort, Barrington/Gloucester Tops, Bennett Head, Black Head, Black Head Flora Park, Boorganna Nature Reserve, Booti Hill, Burgess Beach, Burgess Road, Cape Hawke, Cellito, Charlotte Head, Cliff Road, Coocumbac Island, Copeland, Darawank Nature Reserve and Wetland, Diamond Beach, Diamond Beach LRF, Dixon Property, Elizabeth Beach, Forster Cemetery, Golden Ponds Reserve, Karloo Street Reserve, Knappinghat Nature Reserve, Ohmas Bay, One Mile Beach, Penenton Creek and Wetlands, Red Head, Reservoir Hill Reserve, Sea Acres National Park, Seven Mile Beach and Green Point, Stephen Street Reserve, Tiona, Tuncurry Flora Park, Waitui Falls, Wallamba Cove, Wallingat National Park, Wingham Brush and Zamia Place Reserve.

Leaves.—Few, erect, linear, usually 1 to 1.5 m long, mostly 10 to 15 mm wide, tough—fibrous, glabrous, strongly veined, channelled, tapering to a point.

Gymnostachys anceps
Gymnostachys anceps

Inflorescence—Main axis of inflorescence 1.5 to 3 m high, with distant erect distichous flattened bracts subtending spadix clusters. Spadix to c. 12 cm long, c. 7 mm diam., at first with the flowers green and clustered at female anthesis, darkening and becoming separated at male anthesis. Pollen bright yellow.

Flowering.—Throughout year.

Fruit— Ovoid, 10 to 15 mm long, blue—black; infructescence usually few—fruited, not protected.

Ripe.— Throughout year.

Gymnostachys anceps