Alyxia ruscifolia subsp. ruscifolia —Prickly Alyxia, Chain Fruit—APOCYNACEAE

Alyxia ruscifolia

Link to Images on Flickr.

Habitat—Grows in most types of rainforest from sea level to 1200 m alt., sometimes in sclerophyll forest.

Distribution—North from Wollongong in New South Wales into Queensland.

Description—Erect shrub to 2.5 m high.

Local occurrences

Boorganna Nature Reserve, Boorganna Nature Reserve, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Sea Acres National Park and Tallwoods

Leaves.— Simple, in whorls of 3—6, milky latex present, narrow—lanceolate to broad—ovate, 1 to 6 cm long, 4 to 30 mm wide, apex acute or acuminate and spinose, glabrous, leathery, glossy, margins slightly recurved, entire or rarely denticulate; lateral veins usually prominent; petiole 1 to 4 mm long.

Alyxia ruscifolia
Alyxia ruscifolia

Inflorescence—White, fragrant, in terminal heads of 3 to 5 flowers. Calyx lobes 2 to 3 mm long. Corolla tube 5 to 7 mm long, lobes c. 3 mm long, asymmetric. Anthers 1 mm long, orange.

Flowering.—Spring to Autumn

Fruit— 1 to 3 articles; articles ± globose, 8 to 11 mm diam., orange to red.

Ripe.—Summer and Winter

Alyxia ruscifolia