one mile beach

This part of the survey encompasses all reserves and places of interest within the town of Forster. It begins at the southern end of the Forster⁄Tuncurry Bridge across from Wallis Lake and concludes at the beginning of the Booti Booti National Park at the end of Burgess Road. Please click on the following link to see a Map of Forster. Please click again over the map which will enlarge it for easy reference.

The following link is a Full Species List for the town.

Habitats include Littoral, Dry and Subtropical Rainforest, Wet and Dry Sclerophyll Forests, Mangrove Woodlands, Swamp Sclerophyll Forest and Woodland, Wet and Intermediate Dry Heath and Sedgelands.

This area contains the following sites. All are links to Maps, Species Lists and Images of both the common and unusual species occuring at each.

I have divided the town up as follows to note those sites of most interest.

| Forster North | Forster South | Forster East | Forster West |

Forster North

This area contains mainly remnant coastal reserves occurring on headlands and at the rear of beaches. It consists of Dry Sclerophyll Forest mixed with Littoral Rainforest as can be found at Second Head. Pure Littoral Rainforest occurrs at such places as Frewin's Walk which is located at the eastern end of Pebbly Beach and bounded on the south by Bennetts Head Road and behind the dunes at One Mile Beach. This division also contains the reserve called The Sanctuary located at the corner of Lake and Cross Streets Forster. This reserve is a mixture of disturbed Swamp Sclerophyll Forest and Dry and Wet Sclerophyll Forest.

The Littoral Rainforest behind One Mile Beach is the main home of Cynanchum elegans as well a varied taxon of Rainforest species.

Also of much interest is the small pocket of Wet Heath occurring at Carmona Lane which is just south of the Cape Hawke subdivision of the Booti Booti National Park. It is the home of Melaleuca squarrosa, a species that was considered to only exist south of Sydney around the Illawarra Escarpment and down the South Coast and Acacia quadrilateralis.

Forster South

This area contains most of the dedicated reserves. It should be noted that most of these reserves are unnamed so I have named most of them according to their street location.

  1. Reservoir Hill (Corner of Likley Street and Kularoo Drive.)
  2. Forster Cemetery (Strand Street)
  3. Stephen Street Reserve
  4. Karloo Street (South of Stephen Street Reserve)
  5. Zamia Place Reserve
  6. Carmona Lane Cape Hawke

The Zamia Place Reserve contains many Subtropical Rainforest species that occurs no where else in the Great Lakes Region. These include Psilotum nudum, Guilfoylia monostylis, Cephalaralia cephalobotrys, Sloanea australis, Palmeria scandens, Dysoxylum rufum and Rhinerrhiza divitiflora.There are also many others that only occur in one other site such as Tasmannia insipida which also occurs at Tiona Park.

Sloanea australis, Citronella moorei, Rhinerrhiza divitiflora, Cephalaralia cephalobotrys, Myrsine howittiana, Dysoxylum rufrum, Alangium polyosmoides, Palmeria scandens

The Carmona Lane site which adjoins The Booti Booti National Park, contains a small area of Wet and Intermediate Dry Heath and is the home to Melaleuca squarrosa, a species which was supposed to be confined to the Royal National Park and Woronora Plateau area around Sydney.

Forster East

There are only two site of interest in this area namely a parcel of bushland on the southern side of The Southern Parkway (bounded by The Southern Parkway, Goldens Road and Cape Hawke Drive. Unfortunately it is private land and will be destroyed in due course) and the man made wetlands on the western side of Goldens Road.

A man made Rainforest has been created at the western corner of Forster High School at the corner of The Lakes Way and Cape Hawke Drive and contains a good mix of Rainforest species and is included in this survey.

Forster West

This subdivision contains a survey of the whole of Little Street, Penenton Creek from its beginning at the entrance to the Breckenridge Channel and ending at the footbridge near the eastern edge of The Sanctuary and the foreshore park next to the bridge which includes the Forster Marina and the areas below Pilot Hill.

Forster is home to three species on the Threatened Species list, namely Cynanchum elegans, Lindernia alsinoides and Tylophora woollsii. Many others are on the Rare or Threatened Australian Plant List "ROTAP" (Briggs and Leigh 1995) as well many others that are considered "Significant".