Flora and Fauna of The Mid North Coast of New South Wales

This site contains detailed surveys of the native and exotic flora and fauna species occurring primarily within the Mid North Coast of New South Wales Australia. Please follow either the Flora or Fauna links above for details.


The Bird section of the Fauna page has been improved to include lists of all the birds species recorded in the region to date, lists of the rare and more unusual bird sightings, a bird image gallery which includes all other bird species seen by the author throughout Australia and a link of other reliable birding websites.


This site is the authority for bird sightings within the Mid North Coast of New South Wales and is a valuable aide for birdwatchers and birdwatching within this area.

I have included a Birding Routes Brochure produced by the Manning Great Lakes Birdwatchers Inc for the Mid North Coast, a copy which can be downloaded via the "Birding Routes" link on the Bird page. Most of the sites detailed in this brochure as well as many others throughout the whole of the Lower North, Mid North and North Coast appear in the list of birding sites on the that page.

Scope Of Survey

The Flora and Bird species lists have been prepared for various sites within the principal areas of Forster, Tuncurry, Darawank, Point Road Tuncurry, Nabiac, Taree, Brown's Creek and The Bicentennial Gardens Taree, Gloucester, Coopernook, Hallidays Point, Old Bar Park, Mudbishops Point Old Bar, Khappinghat National Park, Khappinghat Nature Reserve, Saltwater National Park, Diamond Beach, Manning Point, Harrington, Cattai Wetlands, Cattai Creek Wetlands, Coopernook, Laureton, Lake Cathie, Port Macquarie, Sea Acres National Park Port Macquarie, Fernbank and Partridge Creek Port Macquarie, Emerald Downs Golf Course Port Macquarie, Kooloonbung Creek Nature Park Port Macquarie, Dooragan National Park, Middle Brother National Park, Lake Cathie, Laurieton, Dunbogan, Black Head, Red Head, Hallidays Point, Booti Booti National Park, Cape Hawke, Seven Mile Beach, Green Point, Tiona Park, Elizabeth Beach, Charlotte Head, Pacific Palms, Smiths Lake, Wallingat National Park, Sandbar, Seal Rocks, Celito, Mount George, Bulahdelah, Alum Mountain, Myall Lakes National Park, Wingham, Ellenborough Falls, Boorganna Nature Reserve, Tapin Tops National Park, Belmore Swamp Belmore, Kempsey, Boyters Lane Jerseyville, Hat Head, Barrington Tops National Park, Copeland Tops State Conservation Area, Woko National Park and many other National Parks and Reserves within the Lower North, Mid North and North Coast. The Bird page also has the following sites for the Newcastle area. Hexham Swamp, Hunter Wetlands Centre, Kooragang Wetlands Ash Island, Seaham Swamp, Stockton Sandspit, Walka Water Works and Werakata State Conservation Area Pelton.


The nomenclature for most of the plant taxa is consistent with current usage at the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney. Exotic or non-indigenous taxa are prefixed with an asterisk. The nomenclature for the rainforest taxa follows that of the latest edition of the following publications, namely "Rainforest trees and shrubs : a field guide to their identification in Victoria, New South Wales and subtropical Queensland using vegetative features and Rainforest climbing plants : a field guide to their identification in Victoria, New South Wales and subtropical Queensland using vegetative features (Gwen Harden, Bill McDonald, John Williams ; illustrator Gwen Harden)".

All orchid taxa follows the nomenclature contained in "Australian Orchid Genera: An Information and Identification System by Australian Orchid Genera: (Jones, Hopley, Duffy, Richards, Clements and Zhang 2006) ".

The fauna taxa follows the nomenclature used by The Wildlife Atlas (Bionet) maintained by the Department of Environment and Climate Change and Bird Life Australia.

© B M Ralley 2019